shrive


shrive
\ \ [OE] Shrivehear someone’s confession’ goes back ultimately to Latin scrīberewrite’ (source of English scribe, script, etc). This was borrowed into prehistoric West Germanic as *skrīban, whose direct descendants are German schreiben and Dutch schrijvenwrite’. But it also developed a specialized sense ‘prescribe penances’, and it is this that has given English shrive. Today the word is best known in the form of shrove, its past tense, which is used in Shrove Tuesday [15] (an allusion to the practice of going to confession at the beginning of Lent), and the derived noun shriftpenance, confession’ [OE] (the expression short shrift originally referred to the short period of time allowed to someone about to be executed to say their confession).
\ \ Cf.SCRIBE, SCRIPT, SHRIFT, SHROVE

Word origins - 2ed. . 2005.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Shrive — Shrive, v. t. [imp. {Shrived}or {Shrove}; p. p. {Shriven}or {Shrived}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Shriving}.] [OE. shriven, schriven, AS. scr[=i]van to shrive, to impose penance or punishment; akin to OFries. skr[=i]va to impose punishment; cf. OS.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Shrive — Shrive, v. i. To receive confessions, as a priest; to administer confession and absolution. Spenser. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • shrive — ► VERB (past shrove; past part. shriven) archaic 1) (of a priest) hear the confession of, assign penance to, and absolve (someone). 2) (shrive oneself) present oneself to a priest for confession, penance, and absolution. ORIGIN Old English,… …   English terms dictionary

  • shrive — index clear, excuse, forgive, palliate (excuse), purge (wipe out by atonement), redeem (satisfy debts) Burton s Legal Thesaurus. W …   Law dictionary

  • shrive — O.E. scrifan assign, decree, impose penance, from W.Gmc. *skriban (Cf. O.S. scriban, O.Du. scrivan, Du. schrijven to write; O.N. skrjpt penance, confession ), an early borrowing from L. scribere to write (see SCRIPT (Cf. script)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • shrive — [shrīv] vt. shrived or shrove, shriven [shriv′ən] or shrived, shriving [ME shriven < OE scrifan, akin to Ger schreiben, to write < early WGmc borrowing < L scribere, to write: see SCRIBE] Archaic 1. to hear the confession of and absolve… …   English World dictionary

  • Shrive — This most interesting surname, with variant spellings Shreeve(s), Shreve, Shrive, Schrieve, Shireff, and Sheriff, originated as an occupational name for a sheriff, a word derived from the Old English scir , shire, administrative district, plus… …   Surnames reference

  • shrive — [OE] Shrive ‘hear someone’s confession’ goes back ultimately to Latin scrībere ‘write’ (source of English scribe, script, etc). This was borrowed into prehistoric West Germanic as *skrīban, whose direct descendants are German schreiben and Dutch… …   The Hutchinson dictionary of word origins

  • shrive — verb (shrived or shrove; shriven or shrived; shriving) Etymology: Middle English, from Old English scrīfan to shrive, prescribe (akin to Old High German scrīban to write), from Latin scribere to write more at scribe Date: before 12th century… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • shrive — verb /ˈʃɹaɪv/ a) To hear or receive a confession (of sins etc.) Twas a good thought, boy, to come here and shrive , The Croppy Boy, trad Irish song. b) To prescribe penance or absolution See Also: scribe, shrift …   Wiktionary